T he National Flag is a horizontal tricolour of deep saffron (kesari) at the top, white in the middle and dark green at the bottom in equal proportion. The ratio of the width of the flag to its length is two to three. In the centre of the white band is a navy blue wheel which represents the "Charkha". Its design is that of the wheel which appears on the abacus of the Sarnath Lion Capital of Ashoka. Its diameter approximates to the width of the white band and has 24 spokes.
The design of the national flag was adopted by the constituent Assembly on 22 July 1947.
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