T he song Vande Mataram, composed by Bankimchandra Chatterji, was a source of inspiration to the people in their struggles for freedom. It has an equal status with Jana-gana-mana. It was first sung in the 1896 session of the Indian National congress. The Song was translated into English by Sri Aurobindo.
sasya shyaamalaam maataram
shubhra jyotsnaa pulakita yaamineem
phulla kusumita drumadalashobhineem,
suhasineen sumadhura bhashhineemh
sukhadaan varadaan maataram
vande maataram ...
koti koti kantha kalakala ninada karaale,
tumi vidyaa tumi dharma
tvan hi durga dashapraharanadhaarinee
shyaamalaan saralaan susmitaan bhuushhitaam
English translation of the first stanza rendered in prose:
cool with the winds of the south, dark with the crops of the
harvests, the Mother!
Her nights rejoicing in the glory of the moonlight,
her lands clothed beautifully with her trees in flowering bloom,
sweet of laughter, sweet of speech,
the Mother, giver of boons, giver of bliss.
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